Breast Cancer: Common Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Medicine

Breast Cancer: Common Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Medicine

Breast cancer is already a huge headache for medical professionals. According to the reports of 2018, some 2.1 million people are the patient of breast cancer and the number of deaths already reached at 627, 000. Experts are claiming it as alarming and if we do not become careful now it will only be disastrous from time to time.

Things You Should Know

Breast cancer is pretty much what it says - cancer in the breast. According to scientists, it gets formed in the breast tissues. Among the females in the USA, it is one of the most occurring diseases. The first place is still held by skin cancer. Four types of breast cancers seem to occur the most - angiosarcoma, Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), recurrent and inflammatory breast cancer.

Symptoms and Causes

The symptoms which are commonly appeared in the body are:

  • Feeling of lump and heaviness in breasts, especially surrounding the cells

  • Changing in the shapes of breasts. Cancer affected ones can be comparatively larger in shape.

  • Noticeable changes in the skin colour of breast

  • Peeling, scratching, rashes in the nipple area.

  • Emerging of the newly inverted nipple.

The common causes of breast cancer are likely to be lifestyle, environment and family history. Being a woman will automatically increase the risk of this disease. Obesity is one of the fundamental causes of breast cancer. Other factors include radiation exposure, drinking excessive alcohol, and the starting of menopause is also cause of this cancer.

Diagnosis and Treatment

A combination of a healthy lifestyle can help to reduce the risk, while an early diagnosis and proper use of available medicines and therapies can help to mitigate or eradicate breast cancers. Some of the well-established treatment methods are:

  • Tissue Biopsy

  • Mammography

  • Surgery

  • Radiation therapy

  • Chemotherapy

  • Hormonal therapy

  • Targeted therapy

Along with these diagnostic methods, doctors also suggest some antibiotic medicines to consume by mouth. Such kinds of medicines mainly work for the primary stages of a particular type of breast cancer.