Diabetes: Facts, Definition and Its Most Common Types

Diabetes: Facts, Definition and Its Most Common Types

Diabetes is one of the most common diseases among humans According to the latest estimation of 2019, almost 463 million people are suffering from this disease. The researchers now fear the number to double by 2030.


Considered mainly a chronic disease, diabetes appears in the human body when blood sugar is extremely high. The regular causes of diabetes are overweight, high blood pressure, polycystic ovary syndrome etc.

History of diabetic conditions in the family is also claimed to be one of the leading causes of diabetes. The symptoms can appear in several ways such as frequent urination, feeling hungry all the time, excessive weight loss, fatigue, and other psychological problems like irritation, mood swing, etc.

Types of Diabetes That Are Most Common

Among humans, so far, three types of diabetes have been recognised. These three diabetic conditions are:

Type 1 Diabetes

If you are a patient with type 1 diabetes, your body will not be able to produce insulin naturally. Type 1 diabetes mainly attacks the immune system and destroys the body cells eventually. Patients need to take artificial insulin to stay alive. Children are mostly attacked by this type of disease.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is the most frequently occurring diabetic condition among humans. It also does not make insulin in the body but somehow people can be alive without using artificial insulin. Type two can develop at any age but it is mostly visible among people of middle age and adults who are over 40.

Gestational Diabetes

This is a very rare type of diabetes that mainly develops in pregnant women and disappears just after the birth of a baby. Nevertheless, Gestational diabetes can be the cause of type 2 diabetes later.

Unfortunately, there is no permanent cure that has been found for diabetes yet - type 1 diabetes or not. The only thing people can do for fighting this disease is being cautious about the symptoms, visiting doctors timely and following all the rules and regulations to stay healthy for a steady time period.